This may not be acceptable for people who are familiar with Western language learning methods. But thinking differently, once there is no grammar, there is no time to learn it, which could greatly improve the effectiveness of learning. So-called grammar is a set of rules and regulations that define the position of words in sentences and the change in shape of words. In Chinese, however, the shape of Ci will never change, no tense, no articles, no gender, no badges of honor, no singular or plural form, no nominative no accusative form, no automatic movement, in fact there is not even a clear definition of the part of speech. All modern Chinese grammar is based on the experiences and summaries of Western linguistic grammar and is imposed on the Chinese language, which does not need to be learned. The glyph is difficult to remember, especially for Westerners. It is even more difficult for the learner to write Zi accurately if one is not good at memorizing graphic symbols and does not find the law of memory. Difficult pronunciation. For the same Zi or Ci, different tones represent different meanings in Chinese.
You need to practice again and again to improve your pronunciation skills, otherwise it can easily lead to misunderstandings. The number of base units, Zi, is relatively large, so the learning sequence is critical. However, this is not the most effective or efficient way to learn Zi solely according to the Zi frequency table. To achieve the fastest learning effect, the association and relationship between Zi and Zi, Zi and Ci, Ci`s ability to form, the proper sentence structure are all keys to determining the effectiveness and efficiency of learning Chinese. The accumulation of vocabulary is inevitable when learning a language. Francis and Kucera (1982) proposed that the 2,000 most common word families in English account for 79.7% of the individual words in each English text, the 3,000 most common word families 84%, the 4,000 most common word families about 86.7%, and the 5,000 most common word families 88.6%. While in Chinese, the most commonly used 500 Zi covers 71%, 1,000 Zi covers 84%, the coverage of 1,600 Zi reaches 93.6%. This is a common situation that one may not be familiar with a Ci, but the composition of the two Zi is recognizable. In 80% of these situations, one can directly understand the meaning of the new Ci, since each Zi has its intrinsic meaning. While you can usually barely guess the meaning of an unknown English word. In general, English learners need to know 2000 words to understand about 80% of the content of the text or conversation in the first phase and master 20000 words to communicate freely in English. While Chinese learners only need to know 500 rooms to achieve 80% content comprehension.
There are only 5072 Zi used in the 19 novels of Mo Yan, the Nobel laureate in literature, and contain a total of more than 8 million Zi. The learning of each lesson is usually divided into three phases. First level: Learn 16 rooms, including pronunciation, glyphs and meanings in about 1 hour. This level can be achieved by self-learning with APP. Or can also be achieved with the teacher`s online or offline counseling. The role of teachers at this stage is not essential, mainly to correct pronunciation. Second step: in about 1 hour to understand the meaning of Ci and use the sentence structure for practice and memorization. This phase must be carried out under the direction of the teacher. The last part is the repetition after class. Thanks to the networked structure of words, you can understand the way Chinese words and phrases think. Zi (“字”): In the English translation, this Chinese term is translated as “Chinese characters”, which does not fully reflect the basic features of the concept of the Chinese word “Zi”. It is easy for learners to mistakenly associate Zi with “character” in other languages.
In Fast Mandarin, instead of “Chinese character”, “Zi” is used to represent the original three-dimensional concept, the meaning of sound glyphs, the basic unit of the Chinese language. Ci (“词”): Although Ci translates to “word”, it is not exactly the same as “word”. Although affixes and stem are common in some English words, they are not used alone in sentences, and the language part cannot be dynamically changed. In Fast Mandarin, instead of “Word”, “Ci” is used to represent a commonly used combination of two or more Zi, which has a specific meaning in the Chinese language. Language learning requires clear goals and practical timelines. Our advice is to learn a lesson every day, i.e. complete a unit in 4 days; The fifth day is used to check the device; rest for two days before the start of the next unit; Complete the study of the first level and study 256 rooms in one month. With a day or two to repeat level one and learn some PinYin during typing training. According to this schedule, learners can learn the 500 most commonly used rooms or more in 2 months and have the first Chinese communication skills. In 4 months, learners can learn more than 1,000 Zi to meet the language needs of everyday life in China. Learners can master 1600 words in 6 months and possess the Chinese language skills for general work and study in China.
Using scientific methodology, the teaching materials rank Zi`s learning order, taking into account both learning effectiveness and practicality. Automatic speech recognition under the guidance of real language learners can improve their pronunciation through repeated practice with automated real-time pronunciation assessment. Modular Zi memory method with process-oriented memory tools, learners can memorize 16 rooms at a time, representing a significant increase in learning efficiency. By practicing sentence structure, the learner can possess the natural habit that makes them escape. Reduce PinYin interference to actual pronunciation by first learning Zi and using Zi to learn PinYin. Association is the most important tool in learning a language. Based on the development of hieroglyphics, each Zi itself contains image information. The radicals contained in a Zi are the basis of the association, the combination of Zi to Ci is an extension of the thought process to a higher level, and the multiple sets of Ci molds promote this expansion. Learning Chinese is a difficult process to start, but one that could progress quickly afterwards.
Once the Chinese thought process of constructing this, sentences and sentences is mastered, learning Chinese will be a very simple and authentic language and can be easily used. Learning Chinese is both the accumulation of knowledge and the practice of skills. Memorizing glyphs, practicing pronunciation, i.e. comprehension, are all part of professional training that requires one`s own effort and learners` time to practice repeatedly to be competent. During this process, a set of training programs and tools are much more useful than a teacher and will significantly reduce the time required. It is not easy to master the integration of knowledge and skills through simple repeated training for the learner, such as how to use Ci in sentences flexibly and accurately, and the effects of different Ci orders, tones and contexts. Teacher orientation with a clear goal is necessary. Many Chinese Ci are derived in addition to their own meaning with a unique meaning in a particular context. Such experiences of cultural knowledge can be acquired and accumulated through mass reading. While teacher involvement is not essential, this knowledge can be the subject of in-depth conversations or discussions with teachers.
We need to make sure the children are safe during the trip.